Thanksgiving: The Holiday and the Feast

Americans celebrate Thanksgiving on the fourth Thursday in November. Most families and friends eat turkey, stuffing, cranberries, sweet potatoes, corn, green beans, squash, or pumpkin as part of their celebration. Why do we celebrate Thanksgiving? Why do we eat these foods? President Abraham Lincoln made Thanksgiving a national holiday in 1863, but the celebration began with the Pilgrims. Their ship, … Read More

Geo-Joint: Sandy Beaches Going with the Flow

Who doesn’t love a beach? Some people find the sand to be a bother, and the sun and wind uncomfortable, but they have to be in the minority. How else to explain the huge popularity of a seaside vacation, or the high cost of living coastally due to it being the place everyone wants to move to? The generally milder … Read More

Texas’ History: The Lone Star State


In 1519, the recorded history of Texas began with the arrival of Spanish conquistadors. This was a mere 27 years after Columbus discovered the Americas. However, Texas was largely ignored until 1685 when French colonization threatened Spain’s control of the area. Texas was already populated with native tribes whose own history dated back thousands of years. The hostility of these … Read More


(773) 592-8633

Life is messy. It’s hard to keep things organized, and when a whole bunch of people live nearby each other (as we usually do), all sorts of inefficient, unsightly, poorly maintained situations develop. For proof of this notion, have a look at just about any urban area. Maybe it’s human nature, or entropy, or some other immutable universal law, but … talmi gold


Election Day in the United States takes place on the Tuesday that follows the first Monday in November. This day can fall between November 2 and November 8. Congress passed a federal law in 1845 to officially name this day in November as Election Day. This year’s presidential election will be held on Tuesday, November 6th. Before Congress designated Election … spite work

Geo-Joint: Staying Dry in the Netherlands

Water covers about three quarters of the Earth, so it doesn’t seem too greedy that folks in Netherlands wanted to convert some of that to dry land. But before we get to that undertaking, how did that area evolve to where it became necessary to dry out land in the first place? The Netherlands, sometimes called Holland, have always been … Read More



When the National Parks Service began to set aside America’s natural wonders, the first lands that were so honored were all out west. Of the initial ten parks, established between 1872 and 1916, the farthest east was in South Dakota. Understandably, the eastern half of the country wanted some of this action. Two of the earliest parks in that region … 423-999-9317


(613) 755-6454

When it comes to flatness on Earth, the surface of a calm lake is probably the optimal setting. You can witness the scene, and paddle a canoe across it, but you can’t go for a walk on it. Many landscapes in the Plains States or in Australia’s interior, or the deserts of Ethiopia, among others, feature some vast stretches of … (909) 341-5315

(443) 859-8911


International borders often separate territory of great value and strategic importance between countries. Other times, they just run across vast stretches of wasteland. That doesn’t mean the lines aren’t still argued over. As with so many border disputes, the problem can start when an outside power sticks its nose into local business and declares an arbitrary boundary. Though all this … Read More